Rosacea (rose-AY- sha) is a common skin disease. It often begins with a tendency to blush or flush more easily than other people. The redness can slowly spread beyond the nose and cheeks to the forehead and chin. Even the ears, chest, and back can be red all the time. Rosacea can cause more than redness. Based on the signs and symptoms, rosacea can be categorized into four subtypes:
- Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea: Redness, flushing, visible blood vessels.
- Papulopustular rosacea: Redness, swelling, and acne-like breakouts.
- Phymatous rosacea: Thick skin with bumpy texture.
- Ocular rosacea: Eyes red and irritated, eyelids can be swollen, and the person may have what looks like a sty.
Rosacea can affect more than the skin and eyes. Rosacea being a chronic (long-lasting) skin disease can reduce a person's quality of life. Many people report problems at work, in their marriage, and in meeting new people. To treat rosacea, a dermatologist finds all of the patient's signs and symptoms. This is crucial as different signs and symptoms need different treatment. Treatment for the skin includes:
- Medicine that is applied on the rosacea.
- An emollient to help repair the skin.
- Lasers and other light treatments.
Dermatologists can remove the thickening skin that appears on the nose and other parts of the face with lasers, dermabrasion or electrocautery. When rosacea affects the eyes, a dermatologist may give you instructions for washing the eyelids several times a day and may prescribe an eye medicine.